The World Day Against Child Labour is an International Labour Organisation (ILO) sanctioned holiday first lunched in 2002 aiming to raise awareness and activism to prevent child labour. It was spurred by ratifications of ILO Convention on the minimum age of employment and on the worst forms of child labour.
The World Day Against Child Labour, which is held every year on June 12, is intended to foster worldwide movement against child labour in any of its forms.
Source : Wikipedia
World Red Cross and Red Crescent Day is an annual celebration of the principles of the Red Cross and Red Crescent movement. World Red Cross and Red Crescent is celebrated on 8th May each year. This date is the celebration of the birth of Henry Dunant (born 8 May 1828), the founder of International Committee of the Red Cross and the recipient of the first Nobel Peace Prize
The World Day of the Sick is a feast day of the Roman Catholic Church which was instituted on May 13, 1992 by Pope John Paul II. Beginning on February 11, 1993. It is celebrated every year on the commemoration of Our Lady of Lourdes, for all believers. It seeks to be “a special time for prayer, sharing of offering for one’s suffering”.
Pope John Paul II had been diagnosed with Parkinson’s disease as early as 1991, an illness which was only disclosed later, and it is significant that he decided to create a World Day of the Sick only one year after his diagnosis. The Pope had written a great deal on the topic of suffering and believed that it was very much a salvific or redeeming process through Christ, as he indicated in his apostolic letter Salvifici Doloris.
International Day of Zero Tolerance to Female Genital Mutilation is a UN-sponsored awareness day that takes place February 6 each year since 2003.
February 6th has been dedicated for the intolerance of Female Genital Mutilation (FGM.) One of the beliefs in support for this day acknowledges that culture is in constant flux, and with the concerns begetting FGM being so much at high-risk, the abolition of such practices must be prompt. This is a movement for the rights of women and their bodies, as well as the protection of their physical health – which can be tremendously affected later in life. These efforts are to benefit actions fighting violence against women and girls as a whole.
Every Woman, Every Child (a global movement), reports that Although primarily concentrated in 29 countries in Africa and the Middle East, FGM is a universal problem and is also practiced in some countries in Asia and Latin America. FGM continues to persist amongst immigrant populations living in Western Europe, North America, Australia and New Zealand. In the United States alone, the recent reports of how many women and young girls are affected by FGM staggeringly tripled in numbers in comparison to the previous reports in 1990.
About 120 to 140 million women have been subjected to FGM over the years and currently at least 3 million girls are at risk each year, according to data presented by the World Health Organization (WHO). It is an effort to make the world aware of female genital mutilation (also called FGM) and to promote its eradication. The World Health Organization has said that “Though the practice has persisted for over a thousand years, programmatic evidence suggests that FGM/C can end in one generation.
In December 1996 the United Nations proclaimed 21 November as World Television Day commemorating the date on which the first World Television Forum was held in 1996.
The delegate from Germany opposed the idea of having a World Television Day, saying
There are already three United Nations days encompassing similar subjects, and to add another day does not make sense. Television is only one means of information and an information medium to which a considerable majority of the world population has no accessThat vast majority could easily look at the World Television as a rich mans day.
Children’s Day is recognized on various days in many places around the world to honour children globally. Children’s Day began on the second Sunday of June in 1856 by the Reverend Dr. Charles Leonard, pastor of the Universalist Church of the Redeemer in Chelsea, Mass. That Sunday in June of 1856, Dr. Leonard held a special service just for children to dedicate them. Dr. Leonard christened the day, Rose Day. Later it was named Flower Sunday. Still later the second Sunday of the month of July was named Children’s Day.
The International Day for Protection of Children is observed in many countries as Children’s Day on 1 June since 1950. It was established by the Women’s International Democratic Federation on its congress in Moscow (4th November , 1949). Major global variants include a Universal Children’s Day on 20 November, by United Nations recommendation.
International Students’ Day is an international observance of student community, held annually on November 17. Originally commemorating the Nazi German storming of Czech universities in 1939 and the subsequent killing and sending of students to concentration camps, a number of universities now mark it, sometimes on a day other than November 17, for a non-political celebration of the multiculturalism of their international students.
The Day of the Imprisoned Writers is an annual, international day intended to recognize and support writers who resist repression of the basic human right to freedom of expression and who stand up to attacks made against their right to impart information. This day is observed each year on November 15th. It started in 1981 by PEN International’s Writers in Prison Committee.
In addition to increasing the public’s awareness of persecuted writers in general, PEN uses the Day of the Imprisoned Writer to direct attention to several specific persecuted or imprisoned writers and their individual circumstances. Each of the selected writers is from a different part of the world, and each case represents circumstances of repression that occur when governments or other entities in power feel threatened by what writers have written. On this day, the general public is encouraged to take action, in form of donations and letters of appeal on behalf of the selected writers.
The day also serves to commemorate all the writers killed since the previous year’s Day of the Imprisoned Writer.
World Kindness Day is an international observance on 13 November. It was introduced in 1998 by the World Kindness Movement a coalition of nations kindness NGOs. It is observed in many countries, including Canada, Japan, Australia, Nigeria and United Arab Emirates. In 2009, Singapore observed the day for the first time. Italy and India also observed the day. In the UK it is fronted by David Jamilly co-founded Kindness Day UK. In 2010 at the request of Michael LloydWhite the NSW Federation Parents and Citizens Association wrote to the Minister of The NSW Department of Education to place World Kindness Day on the NSW School Calendar.
In 2012 At the request of the Chairman of World Kindness Australia, World Kindness Day was placed on the Federal School Calendar and the then Minister of School Education, Early Childhood, and Youth The Hon Peter Garrett, provided a Declaration of Support for World Kindness Australia and placed World Kindness Day on the National School Calendar for over 9000 schools. Schools across the globe are now celebrating World Kindness Day and work with local NGOs such as the Be Kind People Project and Life Vest in the USA. In Australia, 2012, Her Excellency Prof Marie Bashir Governor of NSW hosted an event for the first time at Government House to celebrate World kindness Day and accepted a Cool To Be Kind Award from Years 3 and 4 students.
World Kindness Day is to highlight good deeds in the community focusing on the positive power and the common thread of kindness which binds us. Kindness is a fundamental part of the human condition which bridges the divides of race religion, politics, gender and zip codes. Kindness Cards are also an ongoing activity which can either be passed on to recognize an act of kindness and or ask that an act of kindness be done.
According to Gulf News, “it is a day that encourages individuals to overlook boundaries, race and religion”
Pneumonia is a preventable and treatable disease that sickens 155 million children under 5 and kills 1.6 million each year. This makes pneumonia the number 1 killer of children under 5, claiming more young lives than AIDS, malaria, and measles combined. Yet most people are unaware of pneumonias overwhelming death toll. Because of this pneumonia has been overshadowed as a priority on the global health agenda, and rarely receives coverage in the news media. World Pneumonia Day helps to bring this health crisis to the publics attention and encourages policy makers and grassroots organizers alike to combat the disease.
World Pneumonia Day (November 12) provides an annual forum for the world to stand together and demand action in the fight against pneumonia. More than 100 organizations representing the interests of children joined forces as the Global Coalition against Child Pneumonia to hold the first World Pneumonia Day on November 2, 2009. Save The Children artist ambassadors Gwyneth Paltrow and Hugh Laurie, Charles MacCormack of Save The Children, Orin Levine of PneumoADIP, Lance Laifer of Hedge Funds vs. Malaria & Pneumonia, the Global Health Council, the GAVI Alliance, and the Sabin Vaccine Institute joined together in a call to action asking people to participate in World Pneumonia Day on November 2. In 2010, World Pneumonia Day falls on November 12.
In spite of the massive death toll of this disease, affordable treatment and prevention options exist. There are effective vaccines against the two most common bacterial causes of deadly pneumonia, Haemophilus influenzae type B and Streptococcus pneumoniae, and most common viral cause of pneumonia, Orthomyxoviridae. A course of antibiotics which costs less than $1(US) is capable of curing the disease if it is started early enough. The Global Action Plan for the Prevention and Control of Pneumonia (GAPP) released by the WHO and UNICEF on World Pneumonia Day, 2009, finds that 1 million children’s lives could be saved every year if prevention and treatment interventions for pneumonia were widely introduced in the world’s poorest countries.